To enjoy life fully, one must be healthy. A body that is free of disease allows you to enjoy every moment of your days. Unfortunately, we are surrounded by bacteria and viruses that cause us to become sick. They can infect us with disease through the air that we breathe or the water that we take. In case you feel like you have fallen ill, a trip to the doctor is in order. They always have the right equipment to diagnose disease. An example of this equipment is an ELISA kit.
Known in full as an Enzyme Linked Immunosorbent Assay kit, this is a very important device in a medical environment. It is used to test body fluids for antigens, peptides and proteins that indicate infection. There are Elisa kits for animals too. They are used by veterinarians and scientists to diagnose disease or in medical research.
The Elisa kits are designed according to the species of animals that they are going to be used on. Some examples of species that have their own Elisa kits include:
- Other primates
- Avian or birds
- Cavia or Guinea pig
- Bovine or cow
- Caprine or goat
- Feline or cat
There is a special and unique Elisa kit for testing each one of these species. It responds to the antigens that could be in the bodies of these animals. As such, researchers and medical caregivers order for these kits according to the species which they intend to test.
What can an Elisa kit do?
The Elisa kit is designed such that medical practitioners can use it to identify the presence or absence of antigens, peptides and cytokines. These kits are used to analyze the paths that are used by biochemical fluids. They can also be used to analyze the various states of a disease. For example, these kits can be used by scientists to study the stages of terminal diseases such as cancer.
Another use of the Elisa kits is to identify the paths that are used in distributing insulin in and around the body. Moreover, these kits can be used to measure the levels of oxidative stress in the body. The kits can be used to detect these conditions in humans as well as animals. One of the most recent uses for these kits is to detect the Zika virus in humans. This zika igm elisa is able to detect the presence of the virus in plasma, body serum or other bodily fluids.
Types of Elisa kits
There is a variety of Elisa kits that are available for medical practitioners. These kits have various levels of sensitivity. They also have different scopes or range of detection. They are available in two distinct designs.
The sandwich Elisa kits detect antigens using a two part process. The kit has a capture antibody. This one is used to bind to the antigen in the fluid sample. After that, a detection antibody is utilized to see the results of the test.
There is another type of Elisa kit that is known as the competitive kit. This kit comes with a labeled antigen. During testing, this antigen competes with any present antigens in the testing sample. They compete to bind to the antibody in the sample.
Elisa kits are instrumental in the detection of disease causing organisms in the body. They are also very important in the process of medical research. Elisa kits are a crucial part of any laboratory.
Sammy Dean is a laboratory technician. He is also a family man with five years of experience in handling Elisa kits. He is an authority on the zika igm elisa. Visit his blog for more information on elisa kits.